Proceedings of

27th International Conference on

Solid Waste Technology and Management

Philadelphia, PA USA

March 11-14, 2012

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Waste Utilization 1

Development of a Prediction Model for Degree of Blending Between Rap Binder and Virgin Binder, Sean Coffey, Yusuf Mehta, USA

Glass Ceramic from Tft-Lcd Waste Glass and Bof Slag by Thermal Treatment, Kung-Cheh Li, Chen-Shiuan Fan, Taiwan

Torrefied-Biomass (Biocoal) from Municipal Solid Waste for Power Production, Ezra Bar-Ziv, Boris Chudnovsky, USA and Israel

Study Of The Heat Transfer Properties And Gasification Behaviors Of A Single Solid Waste Particle For Plasma Gasification Melting, Chunguang Zhou, Qinglin Zhang,  Weihong Yang, Wlodzmierz Blasiak, Sweden



Landfill 1

A Prototype for Decision Support System for Selection of Landfill Daily Cover, Lakshmi K, Christine Chan, Canada

The Current Situation of Sanitary Landfills in Brazil and The Importance of the Application of Economic Models, Raul Oliveira Neto, Carlos Otavio Petter, José Luis Cortina,Brazil



Recycling 1


Materials Recovery and Recycling of Municipal Solid Waste: A Viable Alternative, Mohammed Dauda, Mohammed Ben Oumarou, Ibrahim Baba, Nigeria

RFID Tags in Waste Management –  Risks and Chances, Bastian Wens, Stefan Heinrichs, Nico Schmalbein, Germany

Optimization of Operating Parameters of a Material Recovery Facility Using Lean Six Sigma, Matthew Franchetti, USA

Defining Virtuous Recycling Users Groups: A GIS-Based Modelling Framework For The Management Of A Market Incentive Program, Maria Ioannilli, Italy

Global Trends In Waste Paper Generation Recycling Reuse And Disposal, Sravani Kalva,USA


Case Studies 1


Quantifying Waste Disposal and Treatment Facilities in Queensland, Australia, Georgina Davis, Australia



Industrial Wastes 1


Simulation of an Industrial Hazardous Waste Treatment Featuring a Rotary Kiln and Grate Furnace Incinerator, Pan Ma, Zengyi Ma, Jianhua Yan, Yong Chi, Kefa Cen, China

Fluoride Emissions from Pidgeon Process for Magnesium Production, Laner Wu, China

Preparing High Value-added Materials Directly from Melting Slag, Yu Li, Daqiang Cang, Mao Yixin, Zhang Lingling, China

Adsorption of Zn (II), Fe (II), Fe (III) and Cu (II) Ion onto Activated Carbon Derived from Eucalyptus Bark Sawdust: Surface Characterization, Isotherm Modeling and Studies on Process Parameter Optimization, Vishal Mishra, Chandrajit Balomajumd, Vijay Agarwal, India


Waste Generation and Composition

Seasonal Variations of Compost Characteristics from Municipal Solid Wastes of Mysore City, Karnataka, India, Shiddappa, Belagali and Shyamala D.C, India

Biodegradability of The Organic Fraction Content from The Municipal Solid Waste Confined in a Closured Landfill,Otoniel Buenrostro, Alfredo Nila, Liliana Márquez, Mexico



Composting and Biological Treatment

Hyperspectral Sensing Techniques for Mesophilic Anaerobic Reaction Monitoring and Control, Silvia Serranti, Andrea Fabbri, Giuseppe Bonifazi, Italy

Biowaste Quality and Its Effect on the Fertilizer Value of Compost, Nils Bauerschlag, Anna Wagner, Sebastian Kaufeld, Germany

Effect of Plastic on Biodegradation of Municipal Solid Waste, Susmita Dutta, Debabrata Mukhopadhyay, Jyotiprakash Sarkar, Rahul Patra And Nilesh Halder, India

Preliminary Design for Rotating Barrel Composting System for Sustainable Solid Waste Management in Benin Metropolis, Nigeria, Dennis Iyeke Igbinomwanhia, Enoguese Igbinosun, Possible Chinaza Orji, Nigeria

Case Study on the Production of Compost Using Solid Waste Technology and Management at Newmont Site in Ghana, Kingsley ofori Ameyaw, Mizpah A. D. Asase, George N.K Rockson, Ghana



Research Advances 1

Removal of Hydrogen Sulfide (H2S) Contaminant in Biogas by Utilizing Solid Waste Steel Chips from The Process of Turning, Tjokorda Gde Tirta Nindhia, Indonesia

Batch Scale Study on Mineral Carbonation Achievable with Alkaline Waste Residue, Anjali Gupta, Arvind Kumar Nema, India

redicting the Crushing Strength of Cold-bonded Artificial Aggregates by Genetic Algorithms, Faruk Geyik, Mehmet Gesoğlu, ErhanGüneyisi, Kasım Mermerdas and H.Oznur Oz, Turkey

Ultrasound in Sludge Management: Principles and Research Observations, Ackmez Mudhoo, Romeela Mohee, Sibel Pamukcu, Reena Amatya Shrestha, USA

Removal of Chromium (VI) from Tannery Effluents by Membrane-Integrated Hybrid Treatment Process and Solid Waste Minimization, Jaya Sikder, Debashmita Mondal, Madhubanti Bhattacharya, India



Landfill 2

Tensile Strength of a Cementitious Borehole Seal Emplaced in the Vicinity of an Underground Waste Repository, Haluk Akgun, Turkey

Preliminary Results From A Flow-Through Column Study On Leachate Augmentation With Enzyme, P.A. Jayasinghe, J.P.A. Hettiaratchi, A.K. Mehrotra, M.A. Steele, Canada




Agricultural Wastes 1


Agricultural Waste Management in Cultivation Sub Sector, Homayoon Fakhim Ahmadi, Iran

Optimization of Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Sweet Potato (Ipomoea Batatas) Peel Via Response Surface Methodology, Eriola Betiku, Olabode Olawale Akindolani, Adebimpe Rafiat Ismaila, Nigeria


Environmental Impact of Waste from Stables in Two Training Centers in the Region of Curitiba-PR, Emanuel Orestes Da Silveira, João Ricardo Dittrich, Keila Youko Fujii, Brazil



Experimental Study on Proper Loading Rate of Co-fermentation to a Cow Manure Biogas Plant, Kazuei Ishii, Toru Furuichi, YukihiroOoishi, Japan


Production of Nutraceuticals from Citrus Fruit Processing Wastes Using Supercritical Fluid Technology, Motonobu Goto, Masahiro Tanaka, Armando T. Quitain, Mitsuru Sasaki, Ryuichi Fukuzat, Japan


Landfill 3


An Artificial Neural Network Based Leachate Flow-Rate Estimator for a Municipal Solid Waste Landfill, Shoou-Yuh Chang, Xiaojue Tao, USA


Characterization of a Silica Alumina Based Backfill Material Composited of Coal Combustion Byproducts and Coal Refuse, Yuan Yao, Henghu Sun, USA




Recycling 2


Biosorption of Ammonia-Nitrogen from Aqueous Solution onto Low-Cost Corn Residues,Zainab Ismail, Basma Hameed, Iraq


A Study to Evaluate Low Temperature Performance of Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement in Hot Mix Asphalt at Different Degrees of Blending, Yusuf Mehta, Sean Coffey, USA


Metals Mobilization During E-Waste Bioleaching Process: Effect of Rotation Speed, Luciana Yamane, Denise Romano, Jorge Alberto Tenório, Brazil


Optimization of Production of Cellulase from Brewer’s Spent Grains By Solid-State Fermentation using Response Surface Analysis, Xiaomei Du, Qingjie Guo, Xuyun Wang, P. R. China


Developing a Recycling Plan for an Elementary School, Miriam Ward, Blake Wells, VasilDiyamandoglu, United States


Maximum Recovery of Recycable Materials From Municipal Solid Waste Thanks to State-of-the-Art Automated Separartion Technology, Felix Hottenstein, Hans Ouellet, USA



Waste Management in Developing Regions

Solid Waste Management Master Plan Anbar Governorate, Republic of Iraq, Stephen C. Reinfeldt, USA


End-Of-Life Cell Phones in Brazil: How to Reduce Environmental Impact and Promote Metal Recycling, Julio Cesar Worman, Kazuo Yamamoto,KensukeFukushi, Prof. Fumiyuki Nakajima, Japan



Energy Recovery


Economic Analysis of Greensboro City Waste to Power, Ransford Baidoo, Matthew Todd, Harith Rojanala, USA


The Suitability of Waste Residue for Energy-from-Waste Technologies, Kate Ladeira Lima, Tony Griffiths, Richard Marsh, United Kingdom


Uranium Mining in Africa: Desperation for Alternative Power Generation, Babatunde Adebayo, Sunday A Agbalajobi, Adeola Adebayo, Kabiru O. Arogundade, Nigeria


Thermal Investigation of Biochar-Lignite blends during Co-combustion, Zhengang Liu, Augustine Quek, Rajasekhar Balasubramanian, Singapore




Waste Management Policy


Environmental Ethics and Trends in Environmental Litigation, Ashraf Ghayl, USA


The Regulatory and Financial Implications of Long-Term  Persistence of Ammonia in Groundwater Decades after Landfill Closure, Marwan Sadat, Emery Coppola, Hydrogeologist, Il Kim, USA


U.S. Financial Incentives for Generating Energy from Waste, Ekwuniru C. Nwokeji, Chukwu Onu, USA


Environmental Regulations and the Business of Waste in the United States, Ashraf Ghaly, USA



Use of Wastes in Construction


Evaluation of Suitability of Laterite, Cement and Sand for Brick Production, Babatunde Adebayo, Olalekan Afolabi, Kabiru Arogundade, Nigeria


Effect of Oil Shale Residue on the Hydration of Red Mud-Fly Ash Cementitious Material, Xiaoming Liu, Yu Li, Daqiang Cang, Henghu Sun, China


Evaluation of Physical-Chemical Properties of Granular Ecomaterials from Marine Shells Powders and Analysis of Recycling Potential in Concrete, Charlotte Engelaere-Robillard, Frédéric Becquart, Mohamed Boutouil, L. Leleyter, F. Baraud, France


Toxicity Mitigation of Solid Waste Incinerator Ash via Geopolymerization, Erez Allouche, Kunal Kupwade-Patil, Rashedul Islam, Sven Eklund, USA


Transport Properties of Plain and Silica Fume Concretes Incorporating Waste Tire Rubber, Erhan Güneyisi, Mehmet Gesoğlu, KasımMermerdaş, Suleyman İpek, Turkey


Using of Fly Ash and Blast Furnace Slag in the Production of Lightweight Aggregates Through Cold-Bonding Process, Mehmet Gesoglu, Erhan Güneyisi, H.ÖznurÖz, Turkey




Landfill 4


Maximizing Energy from Landfill, Chukwu Onu, USA


Automatic Sorting of Mixed C&Dw Recycled Aggregates by Near-infrared Technology, Thomas Schnellert, Elske Linß, Horst-Michael Ludwig, Germany


Combining Fundamental Landfill Monitoring Data with Simple Models for Accurately Estimating Hydraulic Conductivity, Emery Coppola, Marwan Sadat, USA


Analysis of Landfill Gas Migration by Use of Autonomous Gas Monitoring Platforms,  Fiachra Collins, Dylan Orpen, CormacFay, Dermot Diamond, Ireland


Application of RESRAD for the Assessment of Radioactive Waste Landfill on On-site and Offsite Residents, Birhanu Mengistu, Shoou-Yuh Chang, USA


A Large-Scale Ramp Model Test on Composite Liner Systems, Lin Weian, Zhan Liangtong, ChenYunmin, Li Yuchao, China




Case Studies 2


Changing an Industrial Liquid Hazardous Waste Pond into National Park, Aalia Al Shaalan, Mohammad Al Sarawi, Kuwait




Analysis of Gas Arising from Iron Ore Reduction by Hydrogen, Girley Ferreira Rodrigues, Eduardo Junca, VictorBridi Teles, Jorge Alberto Soares Tenório, Denise Crocce Romano Espinosa, Brasil


Characteristics of Basic-Oxygen-Furnace Slags Treated with Steam and Autoclave Curing Processes, Ying-Liang Chen, Juu-En Chang, Ming-ShengKo, Yu-Chuan Su, Yi-Chieh Lai, Taiwan


Characterization of Dust Generated in Electric Arc Furnace, Eduardo Junca, Denise Crocce Romano Espinosa, JorgeAlberto Soares Tenorio, Brazil


Comparison of the Forest Fertilizer Properties of Fly Ash Fractions from the 120 Mw Power Plant of a Fluting Board Mill Incinerating Peat and Forest Residues, Hannu Nurmesniemi, KatiManskinen, Olli Dahl, Mikko Mäkelä, Finland


Critical Assessment of Solid Waste Management System of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Saleh F. Magram, Saudi Arabia


Green Liquor Dregs: A Potential Soil Liming and Conditioning Agent, Kati Manskinen, Risto Pöykiö, HannuNurmesniemi, Olli Dahl, Finland


Investigation on the Emission and Retention of Heavy Metals in Various Bed Material Size Distributions, Zhen-Shu Liu, Chiou-Liang Lin, Tzu-HuanPeng, Taiwan, ROC


Public Perceptions of Animal Manure and Biosolids Land Application: Influences of Issue Awareness on Risk Perception, Kevin Robinson, Lauren Raup-Plummer, CarolynRobinson, USA


Three-Dimensional Numerical Simulation for Estimating Ground Water Flow and 1,4-dioxane Contamination at Aomori-Iwate Illegal Dumping Site in Japan,  Kazuei Ishii, Toru Furuichi, ChihayaIguro,Japan


Nature-by-Nature Processes Towards The King’s Technology for Municipal Garbage Disposal in Phetchaburi  Province, Thailand, Kasem Chunkao, Kasem Chunkao, Piboon Praphudham, Onanong Phewnil, Noppawan Semvimol, Panita Sotong, Thailand



Workshop on Demolition Waste Recycling 1


Cement and Clean Aggregates from CDW: The C2CA Project, Francesco Di Maio, SomiLofti, Silvia Serranti, Giuseppe Bonifazi, Vasilis Burganos, Fernando Cucchietti, Mingming Hu, The Netherlands


Hyperspectral Imaging Based Platforms for Demolition Waste Characterization, Inspection and Quality Control: Hardware Configurations, Logics and Algorithms, Giuseppe Bonifazi, Silvai Serranti, Italy


Fates of End-Of-Life Concrete and Their Economic Implications,  Mingming Hu, Francesco Di Maio, Xi Lin, Eric van Roekel, The Netherlands


Online Sensor System Based on Laser-induced Breakdown Spectroscopy in Quality Inspection of Demolition Concrete,  H. Xia,  M.C.M Bakker, The Netherlands


Construction Waste Recycling Technologies: How to Define and Assess Their Economic, Environmental and Social Effects by the Use of Input-Output Analysis, Kossara Bozhilova-Kisheva, Stig Irving Olsen, Denmark



Modeling and Analysis


Determination of an Optimum Location for a Biomass Waste-to-Energy Facility, Olumuyiwa Lasode, Adeniyi Aremu, Ayokunle Balogun, Nigeria


Critical Evaluation of Municipal Waste Management Options Available to Jeddah by Integrating Waste Management Model (Iwm-2), Nadia Abdulghaffar, Saudi Arabia


Reversing the NIMBY Syndrome: An EcoComplex Model, Maria Alejandra Pena, Sharon deMonsabert, Sean McBride, USA


The Estimation of Langmuir Isotherm Parameters: Conventional and Errors-in-Variables Methods, Mohammad El-Khaiary, Egypt


Development of a Decision Making Tool for Choice of Technology in Municipal Solid Waste Management for Local Self Government Bodies – A Case Study of Kerala, India, Anitha Thampi, Bakul Rao, India


Designing Waste Treatment Processes Based on Economic Aspects, Nico Schmalbein, Thomas Pretz, Stefan Heinrichs, Germany


Quantifying Australia’s Waste Workers: Demonstrating the Need for an Occupational Standard, Georgina Davis, Australia


AHP Method Applied to Hierarchy Determination of Municipal Solid Waste Treatment Alternatives, Ana Lúcia Marchezetti, Eloy Kavisly, CristinaBorba Braga, Brazil



Environmental Impacts and Improvements


Potential of Impounded Fine Coal Refuse Slurry Breakthroughs into Underground Mines, Peter R. Michael, Michael W. Richmond, David L. Lane, Michael J. Superfesky, USA


Laboratory-Scale Study of the Effect of Biogas on Plant Roots, Eduardo Baltierra-Trejo, Liliana Marquez-Benavides, J. Manuel Sanchez-Yanez,  Otoniel Buenrostro-Delgado, Mexico


Estimation of Carbon Emissions from Municipal Solid Waste and the Determination of the Impact of Recycling on Emissions, Matthew Franchetti, USA


Total Reduction of So2, Nox, Co2, Ash Volatiles, Trace Metals, Dioxins/Furans from Coal and Solid Waste Combustion, Bert Zauderer, USA


Waste Rag Pickers: Local Management of Waste, Plastics for Income Generation and Recycling – A Step Yowards Better Environment Practices in Cities of Delhi and Bhopal, Leonard Sonnenschein, Prabhjot Sodhi, USA

Potential Environmental Benefits of Improving Recycling of Polyolefines – LCA of Magnetic Density Separation (MDS) Developed in the EU FP7 Funded Project W2Plastic, Stig Irving Olsen, Alexandra Bonou, Denmark






Recycle of Lead in E-Waste , Fu-Shen Zhang, Mingfei Xing, China


Research and Development of Equipment and Facilities for WEEE/E-Waste Management in Lagos-Nigeria, Abdul Wahab Ogunbiyi, Olasunkanmi Ojowuro, AdesholaOpenibo-Adebosin, Nigeria



Management of Specific Wastes


Pyrolytic Degradation for Utilization of Industrial Waste Lignin, Jayant Ekhe, Atul Maldhure, Sunit Singh, V.M. Mhaisalkar, India


Potential Drying/Fractionation of Primary Paper Mill Sludge, Mikko Mäkelä, Annina Lähdeniemi, Risto Pöykiö, Dr. Hannu Nurmesniemi, Prof. Olli Dahl, Finland


A Comparison Study of Bio- electricity Generation by Using Kitchen Garbage and Bamboo Waste in Microbial Fuel Cell (MFC) Method, M.A.Moqsud, K. Omine, N. Yasufuku, Japan


Development of Alternative Materials for Civil Construction with use of Waste of Pulp and Paper Industry, Marisa Soares Borges, Carlos Roberto Sanquetta, Emanuel Orestes Silveira, Brazil


Evaluating Performance of Tire-Derived Aggregates When Used as Media for Leachate Collection and Drainage Systems, Marclus Mwai, Kristine Wichuk, Daryl Mccartney, Canada


Experimental Investigation in Developing New Composite Material from Paper and Textile industry Waste, Senthilkumar Shanmugamoorthy, Velumani Periasamy, India


A Mini Assessment and Study of the Compactibilty of Different Pozzolonic Materials for Stabilization of Different Waste,  Rubina Chaudhary, Rana Pratap Singh, ShuktiTomar, India






Modeling, Computation of Kinetic Parameters and Identification of Products of Process in Soil Ozonation with Phenanthrene, Jesus Rodriguez Aguilar, Tatiana Timoshina Lukianova, Alejandro Garcia Gonzalez, MEXICO



Research Advances 2


Biomedical Solid Waste and Prevailing Treatment Strategies, Rajnish Shrivastava, Surjit Singh Katoch, India


The Importance of Zero Waste in Climate Action Plans, Maggie Clarke, United States






Difficulties Encountered in Establishing Parameters for Global Monitoring of Activities in the Area of Social and Environmental Responsibility, Andreia São Jose, Marco Figueiredo, Brasil


Incineration of Packaging Waste Management: Life Cycle Inventory (LCI) Analysis, Rubén Aldaco, Angel Irabien, Maria Margallo, Spain


The Fenix Project: Obtaining Environmental Life Cycle Assessment (Lca) Results on Packaging Waste Management, Rubén Aldaco, Angel Irabien, Maria Margallo, Spain


Agricultural Biomass Valorization: Orange Residues Gasification Kinetics, Astrid Altamar, Regina F.P.M. Moreira, Humberto J. José, Suelén Amorim, Valquiria Valbedi, Brazil


Pyrometallurgical Treatment of Electric Arc Furnace Dust, Felipe Fardin, Jorge Tenório, Denise Espinosa, Prof. Dr. José Oliveira, Brazil


Recovery of Organic Compounds from Waste Printed Circuit Boards Using Supercritical Carbon Dioxide, Yi-Chieh Lai, Hwa-Kwang Yak, Kuen-Song Lin, Dr. Ying-Liang Chen, Taiwan


Recycling of Electric Arc Furnace Dust: Evaluation of the Addition in Hot Metal Using Alumina Crucible, Vicente Marques Sobrinho, José Roberto de Oliveira, Vitor Bridi Telles, Felipe Fardin Grillo, Prof. Dr. Jorge Alberto Soares Tenório, Prof. Dr. Denise Crocce Romano Espinosa, Brasil


Solidification Behavior and Control of Steel Slag in Marine Environment, Wataru Nishijima, Hitomi Yano, Satoshi Asaoka, Tetsuji Okuda, Satoshi Nakai And Mitsumasa Okada, Japan


The Release and Control of HCl During Two Stage thermal Treatment of a Single Rdf-5,  Jie Yu, Lushi Sun, Jun Xiang, Song Hu, Sheng Su, Jianrong Qiu, China


Trace Element Extractability from Fly Ash as a Function of Ph, Mikko Mäkelä, Risto Pöykiö, Hannu Nurmesniemi, Prof. Olli Dahl, M.Sc. (Tech.) Gary Watkins, Finland


Granulation of Oil Shale Ashes and The Potentiality of Use the Product in Agriculture, Herki Hälvin, TiiT Kaljuvee, Rein Kuusik, Estonia


Evaluation of the Degree of Blending of Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement (Rap) Binder for Warm Mix Asphalt, Luis Gaitan, Yusuf Mehta, USA



Sustainability In Electroelectronic Industry: Fisical Process to Printed Circuit Board Recycling, Viviane Tavares Mores, Denise Crocce Romano Espinosa, Jorge Alberto Soates Tenorio, Brazil


Chracterization of Optical Storage Media Aiming Recycling, Denis Massucatto, Lidia Gomes Barbosa, Claudio Parra de Lazzari, Jorge Alberto Soares Tenorio, Denise Crocce Romano Espinosa, Brazil


Ash Management


Dynamic Response and Liquefaction Analysis Under Seismic Waves of Ash Storage Dam After Third Sub Dam Added, Ming Li, Li Liang, Jiaxu Jin, Xin Li,Wenliang Guo, China



Mining and Mineral Wastes


Incorporating Fluvial Geomorphic Landform Approaches for Valley-Fill Design in West Virginia, Leslie Hopkinson, Alison Sears, John Quaranta, USA


Neutralisation of Acid Mine Drainage Using Magnesium Hydroxide and Barium Hydroxide, Vhahangwele Bologo, , Johannes Maree, Fritz Carlsson, South Africa


Recovery of Calcium Carbonate from a Barium Sulphate-Calcium Carbonate Mixed Sludge, Timothy. T. Rukuni, Student, Jannie Maree, Caliphs Zvinowanda, South Africa


Treatment of Acid Mine Drainage Using Ammonium Hydroxide, Mavis Dineo Maila, Johannes Phillipus Maree, Leskey Mduduzi Cele, South Africa






Research on the Optimum Mixing Condition of High Concentration Sludge in Anaerobic Digestion, Xiuqin Cao, Dongfang Zhao, Caibin Li, P.R. China


Algae Biomass as a New Source of Co-Substrate in Fermentation Plants,  Sebastian Schmuck, Carlo Pozza, Thorsten Mietzel, Ruth Braunstermann, Germany




Waste Utilization 2


Green Approach to Waste Management –  Converting Sludge into Novel Resource, Joo-Hwa Tay, Kuan-Yeow Show, China


Long Term Physical and Chemical Behaviors of Steel Slags in Sea Water and Sediment, Satoshi Asaoka, Hitomi Yano, Tetsuji Okuda, Satoshi Nakai, Wataru Nashijima, Mitsumasa Okada, Japan


Different Pretreatment Method Influence on Corn Straw Saccharification for Dark Fermentation and Bio-hydrogen Production, Yue Shi, Xiang-wen Sun, Lin- chong Dai, Mr. Kun Zhang, China



Construction and Demolition Wastes


Use of Asphalt Millings as Structural Embankment, Swamy Basim, Dorairaja Raghu, S.V. Dinesh, USA


Construction and Demolition Management in Cities of Fars Province, Nasser Taleb Beydokhti, Habibollah Keshavarzi Shirazi, Mohammad Minousepehr, Hamid Amiri, Iran



Recycling 3



Recycled Glass as a Partial Replacement for Fine Aggrgate in Self Compacting Concrete, Esraa Emam, Egypt


Better Plastic Waste Management Practices For Improvement in Plastic Waste Recycling. A Case Study of Kampala City Council, Uganda, Kenneth Tumusiime, Uganda




Waste Collection


Eco-Friendly Electronic Monitoring System for Remanufacturing, Arun Vasantha Geethan Kathiresan, Manikandan Vellakovil Kesavan, Muthuswamy Vazhithunairaman, Leo Jude Salvadore Joseph,  Jose Swaminathan, India



 SESSION 8B           

Research Advances 3



Phyto-extraction of Heavy Metals from Contaminated Soil Resulted from Hazardous Industrial Waste, Al-Wafra, Kuwait,   Ahmed Mubarak Al-Azemi, Mohammad Al Sarawi, Kuwait




Agricultural Wastes 2



Conversion of Sorrel (Hibiscus Sabdariffa) Calyces to Glucose,Olusegun Ayoola Ajayi, Adegboyegba Surajudeen Olawale, Sunday Sam Adefila, Nigeria





Additional Topics


Tests on Mixtures of Sand-Tire Chip Reinforced with Geogrid, M. Ghazavi, A. Farshadfar, Khashayar Hemmati, Iran


Evaluation of Composting Processing Technologies for the Treatment of Urban Municipal Solid Waste, M. El-Hoz, Lebanon